Diversity and Distribution of Ethno-medicinal Flora in the Rice Field Agro-ecosystems of Kashmir Valley (J and K) India.
This paper presents an overview of the floristic survey of the ethno-medicinal plants growing in the rice field agro-ecosystems of Kashmir. The study aimed at exploring the medicinal plant wealth of rice monocultures which till date remain unexplored. During the study, a total of 46 plant species bearing various medicinal properties were reported. The taxocoenosis was composed of 20 families. Dicotyledons were the most dominant plants composed of 32 species representing 14 families. Among dicots, Compositeae was the most dominant represented by 8 species. Monocotyledons included 12 species, representing 4 families. Gramineae was the most dominant among monocots represented by 7 species. 2 families of Pteridophyta were also reported during the study. For carrying out the study, 6 spatially varying sites were selected in different administrative zones of the valley plain.the study commenced through a full cultivation cycle between April and December 2006. The main objective was to assess the potential of floral resources of rice fields that are thrown away as weeds. Anthropogenic disturbances and cultural operations seemed to govern the overall ecology of medicinal flora.
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