Water Geopolitics in the Middle East

Youssef Bassil

Abstract


According to many experts, water is the new gold of the century as water crises are increasingly being observed throughout the world and billions of dollars are being spent to solve water shortage problems, more particularly, in the Middle Eastern countries. As countries of the Middle East are generally scarce in water supplies, they will try to use their economic, political, and military power to seize other neighboring lands that are plenty with water resources such as surface and ground water, rivers, and basins. This paper deals with the geopolitical water problems and challenges in the Middle East. It is an analytical study that examines the geopolitical issues related to water in several Middle Eastern countries including Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, Israel, and Palestine. It sheds the light on the relation between the geographical characteristics of the water capitals in the Middle East and the national and regional politics, disputes, and conflicts. Furthermore, the international laws for water exploitation including the Humanitarian laws, Geneva Convention, Helsinki rules, in addition to other legislative rules and resolutions pertaining to water conservation and protection are all to be examined. Another discussed issue is the problem of water sharing between the different riparian and the legislative framework that governs them. This would pave the way to discuss the various conflicts and wars waged to seize water wealth in the Middle East, stressing on the different water clashes between Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, and Jordan.


Keywords


Geopolitics; Water Geopolitics; Middle East; Water War

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

JOS ©: World Science Publisher United States