Making interrogative sentences in English and Persian languages: A contrastive analysis (CA) approach

Bahman Gorjian, Mohammad Naghizadeh, Parisa Shahramiri


Abstract-The aim of this paper is to investigate the forms of questions in Persian and English in order to identify the similarities and differences between them. CA may look at linguistic structures in a twofold way: predictability power and wash back effect (Cheng, Watanabe & Curtis, 2004). The former deals with foreseeing the areas of problems the Iranian learners may commit and the latter refers to the effect of diagnostic value of CA on improvement of teaching processes. CA in the present study focuses on interrogative sentences which are in the form of questions (e.g., Did you clean the table?) which play a very important role in learning English among Iranian high school students. Many Iranian learners, especially at the elementary and intermediate levels, have a lot of problems with the production of English questions accurately. Thus this study is mainly a descriptive survey based on Huddleston and Pullum’s (2002) classification. Finally, some implications of using Interrogative sentences for Iranian high school language learners and teachers will be presented. Therefore, students may easily make interrogative sentences in English.


Interrogative sentences; English; Persian; contrastive analysis (CA)

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