The Influence of Genre over the Semantic Prosody of the Word ‘Propose’

Biook Behnam, Farnoush Ahangaran

Abstract


This study attempts to concern the semantic prosody of the word ‘propose’. In semantic prosody lexical items, by nature, desire to occur with positive, negative, or neutral collocations as in the word ‘rife’ which has a negative semantic prosody since it frequently collocates with words such as crime, misery, or disease. In this study, to identify the occurring tendency of the target word ‘propose’, it was processed in a 464-million-word corpus (Davies, 2008) which is made up of five different genres namely: spoken language, fiction, magazines, newspapers, and academic journals. Collocational variety of ‘propose’ in academic contexts was compared with the abovementioned genres. The results presented that the word ‘propose’ has a neutral semantic prosody in academic contexts, while in other contexts it tends to collocate mostly with negative lexical items.

Keywords


Semantic Prosody; Collocation; Genre; Corpus; Academic Context

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